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解读中考代词考点

时间:2013-08-15 12:19来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
代词是英语十大词类之一,是历年全国各地 中考 中的一个考查热点。本文拟以2012年全国部分省市的中考英语试题为例,对代词的主要考点作出归纳和分析,供同学们复习备考之用。

代词是英语十大词类之一,是历年全国各地中考中的一个考查热点。本文拟以2012年全国部分省市的中考英语试题为例,对代词的主要考点作出归纳和分析,供同学们复习备考之用。
一、考查人称代词的主格和宾格
人称代词主格(I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they)作主语,宾格(me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them)作及物动词或介词的宾语,即通常所说的“动词宾语”和“介词宾语”。
【中考真题】
1.(2012年潍坊卷)My first teacher, Ms. Yao, was very strict with .
A. usB. we
C. ourD. ours
2.(2012年重庆卷)Reading more helps learn better.
A. weB. our
C. usD. ours
3.(2012年济南卷)—Is your brother running in the park?
—No, is swimming in the river.
A. sheB. his
C. herD. he
4.(2012年绵阳卷)Everyone in the hall knew me, but I did not know .
A. himB. her
C. themD. those
二、考查形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词
形容词性物主代词具有形容词的功能,在名词之前作定语;名词性物主代词具有名词的功能,相当于“形容词性物主代词+名词”,在句中作主语、宾语或表语。
形容词性物主代词: my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their
名词性物主代词: mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, yours, theirs
【中考真题】
.(2012年福州卷)—ere is a schoolbag. Whose is it?
—Oh, its . hank you.
A. myB. mineC. me
6.(2012年宁波卷)—Is this your notebook?
—No, it isnt. e is looking for .
A. mineB. yours
C. hersD. his
7.(2012年永州卷)With help, we finished our work on time.
A. theyB. themC. their
8.(2012年株洲卷)he students are helping the old man clean house now.
A. herB. himC. his
9.(2012年南充卷)—Is this your edictionary?
—No, is in the backpack.
A. mineB. yoursC. my
10.(2012年十堰卷)Mary and Gina are my cousins. father works in Dongfeng Company.
A. heirB. hey
C. hemD. heirs
11.[CM(16*2](2012年咸宁卷)—Are these CDs?
—No, they are not mine. hey belong to .
A. your; herB. yours; her
C. you; hersD. yours; she
12.(2012年上海卷)We have decided to try best to raise more money for the local charity.
A. usB. our
C. weD. ours
三、考查反身代词
单数反身代词有: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself;复数反身代词有: ourselves, yourselves, themselves。反身代词在句中常用作宾语、表语、同位语。在 enjoy oneself(玩得开心), help oneself to(随便用/吃……), kill oneself(自杀), lose oneself in(陶醉于……), express oneself(自我表达), introduce oneself(自我介绍), talk to oneself(自言自语), learn by oneself(自学)等固定短语中作及物动词或介词的宾语。
【中考真题】
13.(2012年广安卷)—Who taught you Japanese?
—Nobody, I learned it by .
A. myselfB. myC. me
14.(2012年河北卷)Dont worry about me. Im old enough to think for .
A. himselfB. herself
C. yourselfD. myself

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